PROBLEM STATEMENT
Elly is not a big fan of mathematical constants. Most of them are infinite, and therefore hard to
memorize. Fractions, on the other hand, are often easier to remember and can provide good
approximations. For example, 22/7 = 3.1428... is one way to approximate Pi. Unfortunately, it's
only accurate to 2 places after the decimal point, so it doesn't help at all. A slightly better
example is 355/113 = 3.14159292... which is correct up to 6 digits after the decimal point.
Elly understands that working with infinite decimal fractions is going to be very difficult, so
she first wants to find a good way to approximate floating point numbers with decimal
representations that are finite. Your task is to help her in this mission. You will be given a
string number containing the decimal representation of a non-negative fraction strictly less than
1. There will be exactly 6 digits after the decimal point in number (trailing zeros are possible
and significant). More precisely, number will be formatted "0.dddddd" (quotes for clarity) where
each d is a decimal digit ('0'-'9').
Given a fraction F = A/B, where 0 <= A < B, its quality of approximation with respect to number is
calculated as follows:
Let S be the decimal fraction (infinite or finite) representation of F.
If S is infinite or the number of digits after the decimal point in S is greater than 6, only
consider the first 6 decimals after the decimal point in S. Truncate the rest of the digits
without performing any kind of rounding.
If the number of digits after the decimal point in S is less than 6, append trailing zeroes to the
right side until there are exactly 6 digits after the decimal point.
The quality of approximation is the number of digits in the longest common prefix of S and number.
The longest common prefix of two numbers is the longest string which is a prefix of the decimal
representations of both numbers with no extra leading zeroes. For example, "3.14" is the longest
common prefix of 3.1428 and 3.1415.
Elly doesn't like long approximations either, so you are only allowed to use fractions where the
denominator is less than or equal to maxDen. Find an approximation F = A/B of number such that 1
<= B <= maxDen, 0 <= A < B, and the quality of approximation is maximized. Return a string
formatted "A/B has X exact digits" (quotes for clarity) where A/B is the approximation you have
found and X is its quality. If there are several such approximations, choose the one with the
smallest denominator among all of them. If there is still a tie, choose the one among those with
the smallest numerator.
DEFINITION
Class:BestApproximationDiv1
Method:findFraction
Parameters:int, string
Returns:string
Method signature:string findFraction(int maxDen, string number)
CONSTRAINTS
-maxDen will be between 1 and 1000, inclusive.
-number will contain exactly 8 characters.
-number will consist of a digit '0', followed by a period ('.'), followed by exactly six digits
('0'-'9').
EXAMPLES
0)
42
"0.141592"
Returns: "1/7 has 3 exact digits"
3 plus the current approximation yields an approximation of Pi.
1)
3
"0.133700"
Returns: "0/1 has 1 exact digits"
Not a lot of options here.
2)
1000
"0.123456"
Returns: "10/81 has 7 exact digits"
3)
1000
"0.420000"
Returns: "21/50 has 7 exact digits"
This one can be represented in more than one way. Be sure to choose the one with the lowest
denominator.
4)
100
"0.909999"
Returns: "10/11 has 4 exact digits"
Even though 91/100 is a much closer approximation, 10/11 matches up to 3 digits, and 91/100 only
to one.
5)
115
"0.141592"
Returns: "16/113 has 7 exact digits"
A better approximation for the decimal part of Pi.
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